A cross-sectional study to know the results of intestinal obstruction surgery in children in Iraq

Main Article Content

Hawkar A. Kayyat
Tareq Jawad kadem Al-Rubayee
Siamand Yahya Salim
Rifaat Hassan Ali
Ali Tariq Thanoon Yahya
Ali Qais Abdulkafi
Abbas AbdulWahhab Jumaah

Keywords

cross, intenstional, children, sectional.

Abstract

This paper aims to know the results of intestinal obstruction surgery in children in Iraq and. In this research was recruited included 60 patients from Iraqi pediatric patients in different hospitals in Iraq with ages from one month and fifteen years with the period year 2020-2021 analyzed data and demographic results according to using Excel and SPSS programs in addition to the (Epi Info TM) program. The results were found in this paper 60 patients collected with ages from one month to 15 months; patients were distributed
according to sex (for 34 Boys with, 56.67% - Girls for, 26 patients with, 43.33%, In this study, causes of Intestinal Obstruction were identified and were the most prevalent were Inguinoscrotal hernia for 22 patients with 36.67%, Intussusception for 19 patients with 31.67%, Umbilical Hernia for 11 with 18.33%, Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis for eight patients with 13.33%. As, Postoperative complications were studied, and the most prevalent among children was the surgical infection for 18 patients with 30% followed by small bowel fistula for 15 patients with 25%. In conclusion, bowel obstruction is more prevalent and affects newborns as a result of postoperative complications. Intussusception is the most common cause affecting infants and children from other complications

Abstract 325 | pdf Downloads 131

References

1. Jackson PG, Raiji MT. Evaluation and management of intestinal obstruction. Am Fam Physician 2011;83:159–65. [PubMed] [Google
Scholar]
2. Hajivassiliou CA. Intestinal obstruction in neonatal/pediatric surgery. Semin Pediatr Surg 2003;12:241–53. 10.1053/j.sempedsurg.2003.08.005 [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
3. Kumar P. Assesment of intestinal obstruction in children. Int J Med Heal Res 2017;3:160–2. [Google Scholar]
4. Ooko PB, Wambua P, Oloo M, et al.. The spectrum of paediatric intestinal obstruction in Kenya. Pan Afr Med J 2016;24:1–6.
10.11604/pamj.2016.24.43.6256 [PMC free article] [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
5. Tripp MK. Hhs public access. Physiol Behav 2017;176:139–48. 10.1016/j.physbeh.2017.03.040 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
6. Houben CH, Pang KK, Mou WC, et al.. Epidemiology of small-bowel obstruction beyond the neonatal period. Ann Pediatr Surg 2016;12:90–3.
10.1097/01.XPS.0000481055.24776.db [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
7. Ogundoyin OO, Afolabi AO, Ogunlana DI, et al.. Pattern and outcome of childhood intestinal obstruction at a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. Afr
Health Sci 2009;9:170–3. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
8. Almetaher HA. Case series of unusual causes intestinal obstruction in infants and children. Ann Pediatr Surg 2016;12:50–8.
10.1097/01.XPS.0000482112.06959.cb [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
9. Nakanwagi AM, Kijjambu SC, Rip PO. Critical care and emergency medicine aetiology and presentation of intestinal obstruction among
patients presenting to a tertiary hospital in Uganda. Clin Med 2016;2:4–7. 10.23937/2474-3674/1510018 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
10. Gyedu A, Yifieyeh A, Nimako B. Intestinal obstruction in older children in Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital : a tertiary referral centre in. Ann Pediatr Surg 2010;11:7–12. 10.1097/01.XPS.0000455090.05043.54 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
11. Adhikari S, Hossein MZ, Das A, et al.. Etiology and outcome of acute intestinal obstruction: a review of 367 patients in eastern India. Saudi J
Gastroenterol 2010;16:285–7. 10.4103/1319-3767.70617 [PMC free article] [PubMed][CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
12. Hazra NK, Karki OB, Batajoo H. Acute Intestinal Obstruction in Children : Experience in a Tertiary Care Acute Intestinal Obstruction in Children : Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital. American Journal of Public Health Research 2015;3:53–6. 10.12691/ajphr-3-5A-12 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
13. Shiekh KA, Baba AA, Ahmad SM. Mechanical small bowel obstruction in children at a tertiary care centre in Kashmir. African J Pediatr
Surg 2010;7:81–6. 10.4103/0189-6725.62852 [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
14. Bowman KG, Jovic G, Rangel S, et al.. Pediatric emergency and essential surgical care in Zambian hospitals: a nationwide study. J Pediatr Surg 2013;48:1363–70. 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2013.03.045 [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
15. Butler EK, Tran TM, Fuller AT, et al.. Quantifying the pediatric surgical need in Uganda: results of a nationwide cross-sectional, household survey. Pediatr Surg Int 2016;32:1075–85. 10.1007/s00383-016-3957-3 [PMC free article] [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
16. Ademuyiwa AO, Bode CO, Adesanya OA, Elebute OA. Non-trauma related paediatric abdominal surgical emergencies in Lagos,
Nigeria: Epidemiology and indicators of survival. Niger Med J. 2012;53:76–9. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
17. Magagi IA, Adamou H, Habou O, Magagi A, Halidou M, Ganiou K. [Digestive surgical emergencies in Sub-Saharan Africa: A prospective study of a series of 622 patients at the National Hospital of Zinder, Niger] Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2017;110:191–7. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
18. Adamou H, Amadou MM, Habou O, Adamou M, Magagi A, Elh Adakal O, et al. [Diagnostic delay and prognostic implication in the African countries.Case of digestive surgery in emergency at Zinder national hospital, Niger] Eur Sci J. 2015;11:251–62. [Google Scholar]
19. Shah M, Gallaher J, Msiska N, McLean SE, Charles AG. Pediatric intestinal obstruction in Malawi: Characteristics and outcomes. Am J Surg. 2016;211:722–6. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
20. Gadisa A, Tadesse A, Hailemariam B. Patterns and seasonal variation of intussusception in children: A retrospective analysis of cases operated in a tertiary hospital in Ethiopia. Ethiop Med J. 2016;54:9–15. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Most read articles by the same author(s)